Maintaining a healthy mouth involves more than just taking care of your teeth. According to proteith.com, it also involves taking care of your gums. Gum disease is also known as periodontal disease, a term derived from Latin and referring to the gums’ function of surrounding your teeth and holding them in place. Many people may take their gums for granted, but if your gums are not healthy, your teeth may fall out. Here are some important facts you should know about periodontal disease.
Types of Periodontal Disease
There are essentially two types of gum disease. The more serious type is called periodontitis, while the less severe type is called gingivitis. Periodontitis usually arises from a case of gingivitis that becomes more advanced. However, if you have gingivitis, it is not a foregone conclusion that you will develop periodontitis, especially if you begin treating the gingivitis promptly.
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
The symptoms of gum disease are not always overt, meaning that it may be possible for the disease to progress without your notice. However, some signs are more overt than others. In the early stages, you may observe swelling, redness, or bleeding of the gums, a bad taste in the mouth or persistently foul breath. As the disease progresses, your gums may recede or your teeth may become loose.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
Some causes of gum disease relate to your habitual behaviors. You can reduce your risk by making the effort to brush and floss every day and avoid smoking. However, some risk factors may be beyond your control, such as a family history of dental disease, certain illnesses, or hormonal changes in your body. Taking certain medications may also increase your risk by decreasing your saliva flow. You can ask your prescribing physician if you can have the dosage adjusted or do anything else to decrease your risk while taking the medication.